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10%homemade ice cream

Printed From: Dairy Science and Food Technology
Category: Ice cream
Forum Name: Ice cream
Forum Description: Science and technology of ice cream
Printed Date: 05 Oct 2023 at 3:53am
Software Version: Web Wiz Forums 12.03 -

Topic: 10%homemade ice cream
Posted By: John23
Subject: 10%homemade ice cream
Date Posted: 31 Aug 2010 at 2:31pm
Hello, I am wanting to make some ice cream using a 10% fat ice cream mix.  The problem that I am having is that the finished product is leaving a "fatty" sensation on the roof of the mouth after you eat it.
I am using the following formula:
10% fat
15% sugar
.3 % stab (Gelatine)
the rest water

Based on 1kg of mix:
285g cream (35%fat)  99.75fat, 16.21msnf 169g water
101.7g skim milk powder 98.6msnf 3.05water
150g sugar
3g gelatine

water colors\flavors to make the mix upto 1000g

Where am I going wrong?

Posted By: Admin
Date Posted: 31 Aug 2010 at 8:33pm
Firstly you do not appear to be using an emulsifier! I recommend that you either purchase a good commercial emulsifier or use egg yolk and homogenise your mix. This should help.
Providing the quantities of sugar and fat are as per your specification- I have not checked your calculations- your fat:sugar balance seemsto be correct, common cause of similar problems to yours.
Check out your mix calculation using - .
Hope this helps.

Posted By: Admin
Date Posted: 01 Sep 2010 at 12:10am
I wish to clarify my comments on emulsifiers.
I did note that you were using gelatin(e) but should have said a little more. While certain types of gelatin can be used as an emulisfier in some foods I am not personally familiar with its use in ice cream for anything other than a stabiliser. You may  be aware that  its use can depress overrun but again egg yolk or  agood commercial emulsifier can deal with this.

Posted By: John23
Date Posted: 01 Sep 2010 at 12:36am
Michael, thanks for your prompt reply! 
I was under the impression that Gelatin promotes high overrun and so less suitable for sherbets and ices?
Can you suggest a good commercial emulsifier that I can use that does not cause CANCER! I do not have the means to Homogenize the mix.
thanks again,

Posted By: Admin
Date Posted: 01 Sep 2010 at 5:23pm
As far as ice cream is concerned gelatin can slightly depress overrun- see Hyde, K. A. and Rothwell, J. (1973). Ice Cream. Edinburgh, Scotland : Churchill Livingstone. p46. However this is not an issue if it is used with an emulsifier.
Glycerol monostearate (GMS) is a 'natural substance' that makes a good emulsifier for use in ice cream production. It has a long history of use and has GRAS status. I know of no particular heath concerns for GMS. Egg yolk is a very good natural emulsifier for use in ice cream.
I am not aware of safety considerations relating to the consumption of ice cream containing commercial emulsifiers. I suggest you search for commercial products On Line.
I note you do not have a homogeniser. This would be useful.
Note that when using gelatin you need to age your mix for at least 4 h prior to freezing.

Posted By: John23
Date Posted: 04 Sep 2010 at 12:49am
Thanks for the info, ill keep you posted.

Posted By: John23
Date Posted: 17 Jan 2011 at 4:51am
Hello Michael, I have been using Mono-Diglyceride and found it to work well.
I would like some advice though on overrun?  I am not getting any overrun on my sorbet or ice cream.  Is there any additive to increase this? I have tried Gelatin, LBG, Xanthan Gum, guar Gum and still dont get enough overrrun.  I do get a tiny amount of overrun with the ice cream using gelatin.  I dont want to use eggs in my mix. Im using batch freezer.
Thanks again

Posted By: Admin
Date Posted: 18 Jan 2011 at 11:40pm
Good to see you back again. You say that you are getting no overrun. Can you explain briefly how you are making your ice cream? In particular how are you freezing and adding air to your mix?

Posted By: John23
Date Posted: 19 Jan 2011 at 7:32am
I am using a batch freezer, and it doesnt really matter if I half fill it with liquid or fill it right up. I get a little bit of overrun but not much.  In my latest batch, I increased the stabilizer amount and I was able to fill a 5ltr tray with 4kg of mix. (sorbet mix)  Can this be increased? Is there anything I can add to aid in this?

Posted By: Admin
Date Posted: 20 Jan 2011 at 8:46pm
Hi John
Apologies for delay in responding. To help I would need to see your equipment and to understand how you freeze your mix.
I think you are making ice cream at home? If so I suspect that your equipment or lack of equipment may be the reason.
To produce ice cream with an acceptable overrun you need to force the air in during the freezing process.  Commercially this is done with special equipment. There are a range of machines that can be used to make ice cream at home.
Commercial ice cream has an overrun of 90- 100%.

Posted By: John23
Date Posted: 21 Jan 2011 at 3:49am
Hi Michael, I have a small shop. I realize that there are commercial cont. machines that can pump out 300+ liters per hour with 100-130% overrun, but my question is relating to making the ice cream with a commercial grade batch freezer.  What amount of overrun can I expect when using a batch freezer, 30%?
Have a nice day Michael

Posted By: Admin
Date Posted: 21 Jan 2011 at 10:07pm

I can only guess from the information available!
If you send me an Email to webmaster at giving me the make and model of your freezer I will attempt to find what the the maximum overrun rating is.
I have seen various estimates of overrun possible with commercial 'shop' freezers.  Basic non-aerated machines may give 35-50%. I have seen one manufacturer claim for up to 80%.
You can calculate overrun as per the instructions at the" rel="nofollow - University of Guelph website.

Posted By: Admin
Date Posted: 23 Jan 2011 at 11:35am
I have had a look over some of the posts on overrun and suspect they are of limited help to you.
I only have the time to make brief comments on queries.
You might find  a book by Gail Damerow entitled "Ice cream!: the whole scoop" to be of some help. I recall that there were a number of very practical comments made on overrun that should apply in the shop situation. If you search on Google Books you will find the book.

Posted By: John23
Date Posted: 23 Jan 2011 at 2:02pm
Hi Michael, thanks for the advice, Ill check it out.  Smile

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