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Milk Solid Non Fat (MSNF)

Printed From: Dairy Science and Food Technology
Category: Ice cream
Forum Name: Ice cream
Forum Description: Science and technology of ice cream
Printed Date: 17 Apr 2024 at 6:58pm
Software Version: Web Wiz Forums 12.03 -

Topic: Milk Solid Non Fat (MSNF)
Posted By: YYC
Subject: Milk Solid Non Fat (MSNF)
Date Posted: 05 Mar 2018 at 9:19am
Hi all," rel="nofollow -  
Refer to above link, the formula to calculate MSNF as below:
= 100-(fat +sugar+ emulsifier + stabiliser)
1. May I know why need to divide by "7"?
2. If the final ice cream product contains other ingredients like fruit or fruit puree, do I need to include in this formula?  

Posted By: formula123
Date Posted: 05 Mar 2018 at 9:25pm
Welcome to the forum. Post approved and noted. I will respond shortly. Thank you for posting.

Michael Mullan

Posted By: formula123
Date Posted: 06 Mar 2018 at 12:25am
The formula you quoted was developed by Hyde and Rothwell in the UK and was mentioned in their book on Ice Cream published in 1973.

There are other similar formulae.

What these formulae do is to provide a maximum value for MSNF that gives a lactose in free moisture value that will not result in the crystallisation of lactose and the development of 'sandy' ice cream during storage and distribution. Sandiness refers to a gritty feeling from the lactose crystals in the mouth.

The formula is an alternative to working out the actual lactose concentration in the ice cream mix. MSNF can absorb about 6 times their weight of water. So knowing this, and the concentration of lactose in your mix you could work out  the free water and the concentration of lactose in the free water. You could then compare this with the solubility data for lactose in water at various temperatures.

This relationship is very useful when working with artisan mixes that do not use stabilisers.

In practice you can exceed the MSNF by a considerable margin if you use stabilisers. This has been known since the work of  Nickerson in 1960.

Yes you need to include other ingredients in the formula. Add their dry weights.

Posted By: YYC
Date Posted: 06 Mar 2018 at 6:50am
Thank you Michael.
If we have a final product and know the % of formulation, could we determine MSNF% using above formula? Like below example of formulation and we have total fat and total sugar % through lab analysis. Could you please advise how to calculate? Thank you.
Final product (%)
Skimmed Milk20.00
Liquid Egg yolk4.00
Fruit Puree13.00
Natural Flavoring0.10

Posted By: formula123
Date Posted: 06 Mar 2018 at 12:13pm
First calculate the MSNF in your mix.

To do this you need to find the MSNF in your milk and cream and sum them. This will give the MSNF in your mix.

To find the MSNF in cream you need to know the fat content. If you search this forum you will find out how to do this. There is also a calculator on the subscription On Line calculator that will do this for you. Assuming your milk contains 9% MSNF then the contribution from milk will be 20 x 0.09 about 2%. So you add the 2 % to what you calculate from the cream. 

I can tell you in advance that this will give you a very low MSNF value. A mix like this will have a weak body and should not be stored for long since ice crystal growth and iciness would be expected.

Use of the formula will give you a target MSNF value, you will need to add skimmed milk powder to increase your MSNF, to aim for. This should improve your ice cream quality.

To use the formula 

 100-(fat +sugar+ emulsifier + stabiliser) 
you need to find how much fat the cream contributes to your mix. Say the cream contains 30% fat. Then the fat from cream will be 30 x 0.3 = 9%. You know the sugar it is 18%. next you need to find the solids in your liquid egg and fruit purree. Then these are added and subtracted from 100. Finally you divide by 7.

I guess, and it is a guess, that you will get a value of around 9% or more.

If you mix has a MSNF of say 6% you should increase it to 9%. These values are only for illustration.

Hope this helps.

Posted By: Guests
Date Posted: 16 Oct 2019 at 1:10pm
Please how do I calculate MSNF from milk drink and yoghurt drink from formulation direct.
Thank you.

Posted By: formula123
Date Posted: 16 Oct 2019 at 10:16pm
Prepare a table for each product based on the no of grams of each component in 100 grams. Post this and I will take you through the calculation.

Posted By: Guests
Date Posted: 29 Nov 2019 at 7:14am
Hi. May I know how to prepare 1000 ml of milk that contains 87% of water and 3.2% protein from skim milk powder that contains 3.8% moisture, 0.9% fat and 32.9% protein? Then, I want to add oil to make the fat content in that milk to become 4%? How much oil to be added? and how much skim milk powder to use? thanks

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